Frank E. Anderson | Department of Zoology | SIU

Southern Illinois University



College of Science

Frank E. Anderson

Associate Professor

Frank Anderson

Office: 1017 Life Science III
Phone: 618-453-4136

My primary research interests are invertebrate phylogeny and phylogeography. I am primarily interested in the extremes of the molluscan and annelidan radiations. While most mollusks are rather sedentary aquatic animals, some (cephalopods) are active, swimming predators with an array of spectacular traits, while others (pulmonate gastropods) have successfully invaded land. Similarly, most annelids are marine, but clitellate annelids (e.g., earthworms and leeches) are abundant in freshwater and terrestrial habitats. How did these taxa radiate into these challenging habitats and develop their unusual traits? Ongoing research projects in my lab include 1) clitellate phylogenomics and molecular evolution, 2) decapodiform cephalopod (e.g., squids and cuttlefish) phylogenetics/phylogenomics and 3) biodiversity, ecology and phylogeny of eastern North American land snails and earthworms through the SUPERB scholarship program.


B.S., Biology, University of Michigan; Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz; Postdoctoral, Laboratory of Molecular Systematics and Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Courses taught

ZOOL 215 (Sophomore Seminar), ZOOL 220 (Animal Diversity), ZOOL 413 (The Invertebrates), ZOOL 556 (Phylogenetics), ZOOL 580 (Topics in Evolution), ZOOL 589 (Zoology Colloquium)

Areas of interest

Invertebrate Zoology, Molecular Systematics, Molecular Evolution, Malacology

Selected Recent Publications

Phillips, A. J., A. Dornburg, K. L. Zapfe, F. E. Anderson, S. W. James, C. Erséus, E. Moriarty Lemmon, A. R. Lemmon and B. W. Williams. 2019. Phylogenomic analysis of a putative missing link sparks reinterpretation of leech evolution. Genome Biology and Evolution, evz120. (DOI)

Horn, K. M., B. W. Williams, C. Erséus, K. M. Halanych, S. R. Santos, M. Creuzé des Châtelliers and F. E. Anderson. 2019. Na+/K+-ATPase gene duplications in clitellate annelids are associated with freshwater colonization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 32:580-591 (DOI).

Nickrent, D. L., F. E. Anderson and J. Kuijt. 2019. Inflorescence evolution in Santalales: integrating morphological characters and molecular phylogenetics. American Journal of Botany 106:1-13 (DOI).

Zembrzuski, D. C. and F. E. Anderson. 2018. Clarifying the phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of Stenonema, Stenacron and Maccaffertium, three common eastern North American mayfly genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 128:212-220 (DOI).

Taheri, S., R. Rougerie, C.-H. Chang, L. Cunha, F. Anderson, B. Williams, D. Stanton, S. James, V. Roy, D. Baretta, A. Lemmon, G. Brown, J.-H. Chen, I. Barois, L. Dupont, T. Decaens, M. Coulis, M. L. C. Bartz, E. Lapied and E. Da Silva. 2018. Complex taxonomy of the "brush tail" peregrine earthworm Pontoscoloex corethrurus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 124:60-70 (DOI).

Lindgren, A. R. and F. E. Anderson. 2018. Assessing the utility of transcriptome data for inferring phylogenetic relationships among coleoid cephalopods. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 118:330-342 (DOI).

Khatami, S., P. Tavakoli-Kolour, T. Valinassab, F. E. Anderson and A. Farhadi. 2018. Molecular identification and phylogenetic relationships of Coleoidea (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) from the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea reveals a case of cryptic diversity. Molluscan Research 38:77-85 (DOI).

Anderson, F. E., B. W. Williams, K. M. Horn, C. Erséus, K. M. Halanych, S. R. Santos and S. W. James. 2017. Phylogenomic analyses of Crassiclitellata support major Northern and Southern Hemisphere clades and a Pangaean origin for earthworms. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17:123 (DOI; BMC Series Blog post).

Su, H.-J., J.-M. Hu, F. E. Anderson, J. P. Der and D. L. Nickrent. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64:491-506.

Reish, D. J., F. E. Anderson, K. Horn and J. Hardege. 2014. Molecular phylogenetics of the Neanthes acuminata (Annelida: Nereididae) complex. Proceedings of the 11th International Polychaete Conference, Memoirs of Museum Victoria 71:271–278.

Perez, K. E., N. Defreitas*, J. Slapcinsky, R. L. Minton, F. E. Anderson and T. A. Pearce. 2014. Molecular phylogeny, evolution of shell shape, and DNA barcoding in Polygyridae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata), an endemic North American clade of land snails. American Malacological Bulletin 32:1-31.

Anderson, F. E., A. Bergman*, S. H. Cheng, M. S. Pankey and T. Valinassab. 2014. Lights out: the evolution of bacterial bioluminescence in Loliginidae. Hydrobiologia 725:189-203.

S. H. Cheng, F. E. Anderson, A. Bergman*, G. N. Mahardika, Z. A. Muchlisin, D. B. Thuy, N. Calumpong, K. S. Mohamed, G. Sasikumar, V. Venktesan and P. H. Barber. 2014. Molecular evidence for co-occurring cryptic lineages within the Sepioteuthis cf. lessoniana species complex in the Indian and Indo-West Pacific oceans. Hydrobiologia 725:165-188.

Krajewski, C., F. E. Anderson, P. A. Woolley and M. Westerman. 2012. Molecular evidence for a deep clade of dunnarts (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae: Sminthopsis). Journal of Mammalian Evolution 19:265-276. 

Reeve, J. D., F. E. Anderson and S. T. Kelley. 2012. Ancestral state reconstruction for Dendroctonus bark beetles - evolution of a tree killer. Environmental Entomology 41:723-730. 

Anderson, F. E., R. Engelke*, K. Jarrett*, T. Valinassab, K. S. Mohamed, P. K. Asokan, P. U. Zacharia, P. Nootmorn, C. Chotiyaputta and M. Dunning. 2011. Phylogeny of the Sepia pharaonis species complex based on analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Journal of Molluscan Studies 77:65-75. 

Krajewski, C., J. T. Sipiorski and F. E. Anderson. 2010. Complete mitochondrial genome sequences and the phylogeny of cranes (Gruiformes: Gruidae). The Auk 127:440-452.

Ikeda, Y, Y. Ueta, F. E. Anderson and G. Matsumoto. 2008. Reproduction and life span in the oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana (Cephalopoda: Loliginidae): comparison between laboratory-cultured and wild-caught squid. JMBA2 Biodiversity Records 5994.

Venarsky, M. P., F. E. Anderson and F. M. Wilhelm. 2008. Population genetic study of the U.S. federally listed Illinois cave amphipod, Gammarus acherondytesConservation Genetics 10:915-921.

Anderson, F. E., A. Pilsits*, S. Clutts, V. Laptikhovsky, G. Bello, E. Balguerias, M. Lipinski, C. Nigmatulin, J. M. F. Pereira, U. Piatkowski, J.-P. Robin, A. Salman and M. G. Tasende. 2008. Systematics of Alloteuthis (Cephalopoda:Loliginidae) based on molecular and morphometric data. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 364:99-109.

Anderson, F. E. 2007. Population genetics of the carinate pillsnail, Euchemotrema hubrichti: genetic structure on a small spatial scale. Conservation Genetics 8:965-975.

Anderson, F. E., T. Valinassab, C.-W. Ho, K. S. Mohamed, P. K. Asokan, G. S. Rao, P. Nootmorn, C. Chotiyaputta, M. Dunning and C.-C. Lu. 2007. Phylogeography of the pharoah cuttle Sepia pharaonis based on partial mitochondrial 16S sequence data. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 17:345-352.

Venarsky, M. P., F. M. Wilhelm and F. E. Anderson. 2007. Conservation strategies supported by non-lethal life history sampling fo the U.S. federally listed Illinois cave amphipod, Gammarus acherondytesJournal of Crustacean Biology 27:202-211.

Anderson, F. E. 2006. Cephalopoda. Pgs. 239-249 in Sturm, C.F., T.A. Pearce, and A. Valdés (eds.). The Mollusks: A Guide to Their Study, Collection, and Preservation. Universal Publishers, Inc., Boca Raton, FL. xii + 445 pp., 101 ill.

Vecchione, M., E. Shea, S. Bussarawit, F. Anderson, D. Alexeyev, C.-C. Lu, T. Okutani, M. Roeleveld, C. Chotiyaputta, C. Roper, E. Jorgensen and N. Sukramongkol. 2005. Systematics of Indo-West Pacific loliginids. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:23-26.

Nickrent, D. L., J. P. Der and F. E. Anderson. 2005. Discovery of the photosynthetic relatives of the "Maltese Mushroom" CynomoriumBMC Evolutionary Biology 5:38.

Anderson, F. E. and D. A. Smith. 2005. A redescription of the carinate pillsnail, Euchemotrema hubrichti (Pilsbry, 1940) (Pulmonata:Polygyridae), with notes on habitat and genetics. Zootaxa 807:1-11.

Anderson, F. E. and D. L. Swofford. 2004. Should we be worried about long-branch attraction in real data sets? Investigations using metazoan 18S rDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33:440-451.

Nickrent, D. L., A. Blarer, Y.-L. Qiu, R. Vidal-Russell and F. E. Anderson. 2004. Phylogenetic inference in Rafflesiales: the influence of rate heterogeneity and horizontal gene transfer. BMC Evolutionary Biology 4:40

Anderson, F. E., A. J. Córdoba and M. Thollesson. 2004. Bilaterian phylogeny based on analyses of a region of the sodium-potassium ATPase alpha subunit gene. Journal of Molecular Evolution 58:252-268.

* - SIUC undergraduate

For more information on my research program, please contact me directly.